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Legal news from Monday, January 7, 2008
18:01 EDT

[JURIST] Violent crime rates in the US decreased by 1.8 percent between the months of January and June 2007, according to the 2007 Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report [text; press release] released Monday by the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) [official website]. In addition to the overall decrease in [read more]

18:01 EDT

[JURIST] The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka [official website] Monday ordered the country's government to stop cordon-and-search security operations, in which security forces cut off access to a populated area before searching and arresting residents within. Human rights groups have criticized the practice [AI backgrounder], arguing that the arrests constitute [read more]

17:01 EDT

[JURIST] The US Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit [official website] Monday ruled [opinion, PDF] that a 2005 lawsuit challenging the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) [PDF text] should not have been dismissed by a lower federal court. The National Education Association [group website] and individual school districts [read more]

16:01 EDT

[JURIST] Argentinian coast guard officer and torture suspect Hector Febres [TrialWatch profile] may have been murdered to prevent him from disclosing human rights violations committed during Argentina's Dirty War [Global Security backgrounder; JURIST news archive], according a resolution written by Argentinian Judge Sandra Arroyo reported by Reuters Monday. Arroyo has [read more]

15:01 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] on Monday dismissed [per curiam opinion, PDF] the case of Arave v. Hoffman (07-110) [docket], where the Court first granted certiorari [JURIST report] in November to consider whether a death row inmate in Idaho should be able to accept a [read more]

12:01 EDT

[JURIST] The US Supreme Court [official website; JURIST news archive] heard oral arguments Monday in Baze v. Rees (07-5439) [docket; merit briefs] on whether the three-drug lethal injection cocktail [DPIC backgrounder] now used in over 30 states violates the Eighth Amendment prohibition against cruel and unusual punishment. The petitioner, Ralph [read more]

09:01 EDT

[JURIST] Three Indonesian Islamic militants sentenced to death for their roles in the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings [BBC backgrounder] will seek a religious opinion on the legality of execution by firing squad from the Indonesian Council of Ulema, their lawyer said Monday. The three militants - Mukhlas, Amrozi, and Imam [read more]

09:01 EDT

[JURIST] The Special Court for Sierra Leone [official website] on Monday resumed the trial of former Liberian President Charles Taylor [SCSL case materials; JURIST news archive] with testimony from the prosecution's first witness, a Canadian expert on so-called "blood diamonds" who told the court that the diamond trade prompted Liberia's [read more]

08:01 EDT

[JURIST] The military court system [IDF backgrounder] administered by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) often fails to provide full due process rights to Palestinian defendants, according to a report [PDF text; summary, PDF] released Sunday by an Israeli human rights group, Yesh Din. An IDF spokesperson dismissed the report, saying [read more]

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