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Legal news from Wednesday, October 10, 2007
by Andrew Gilmore

US District Court Judge Charles R. Breyer of the Northern District of California granted a preliminary injunction Wednesday blocking the implementation of new Department of Homeland Security (DHS) regulations intended to make it more difficult for illegal immigrants to obtain US employment. The ruling follows Breyer's extension of a temporary restraining order [JURIST …

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by Deirdre Jurand

US military forces in Iraq released 60 detainees Wednesday as part of Operation Lion's Paw, an ongoing effort to increase the number of Iraqi detainees released daily to at least 50 during the month of Ramadan, which ends Saturday. Organized by the Iraqi government and the Multi-National Force – Iraq (MNF-I), the program …

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by Mike Rosen-Molina

The US House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee Wednesday approved a resolution labeling the World War I-era killings of over one million Armenians by Turkish soldiers as genocide. The resolution now goes to the House floor, where a vote is expected in mid-November. US President George W. Bush expressed disappointment [press …

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by Deirdre Jurand

Senate confirmation hearings for US Attorney General nominee Michael B. Mukasey will begin October 17, Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy (D-VT) said Wednesday. Leahy has already outlined for Mukasey several issues of "concern", including:how you would ensure the independence of federal law enforcement from political pressure, what …

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by Andrew Gilmore

Former US President Jimmy Carter said Wednesday that under the Bush administration the United States "for the first time in my lifetime has abandoned the basic principles of human rights". He told CNN's Wolf Blitzer in an interview: "We've said that the Geneva Conventions do not apply to these people in Abu …

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by Caitlin Price

The US District Court for the District of Columbia Wednesday conducted an evidentiary hearing in the decade-old Indian Trust case [Cobell v. Norton litigation website; JURIST news archive]. The class-action suit involves the alleged mismanagement by the US Department of the Interior of American Indian money, including lease and sales …

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by Caitlin Price

France Wednesday formally agreed to abolish the death penalty in all circumstances when it ratified a provision of the European Convention on Human Rights. Since its 2003 inception, Protocol 13, designed to allow signatories to "take the final step in order to abolish the death penalty in all circumstances," has …

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by Gabriel Haboubi

The US Department of Justice filed notice Tuesday that it will appeal last month's district court decision that found provisions of the USA Patriot Act to be unconstitutional. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) used the Patriot Act to search the home and office of Brandon Mayfield, …

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by Caitlin Price

The US Supreme Court heard oral arguments Wednesday in Medellin v. Texas, 06-984, where the court considered whether the Bush administration has the authority to direct a state court to comply with a ruling from the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Jose Ernesto Medellin, …

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by Gabriel Haboubi

Many female human rights activists in Zimbabwe have been repeatedly arrested, unlawfully detained, and subjected to beatings at the hands of police, according to the preliminary results of surveys conducted by the advocacy group Women of Zimbabwe Arise (WOZA). The WOZA report released Tuesday showed that from an initial sample of 397 WOZA members, …

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by Gabriel Haboubi

US President George W. Bush Wednesday called for Congress to make permanent the expansion of surveillance powers granted in August's Protect America Act, adding that he would not sign any eavesdropping bill that does not grant retroactive immunity for telecommunications companies facing lawsuits related to government eavesdropping that was conducted without a court order. …

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by Brett Murphy

Myanmar opposition protester Win Shwe died while being interrogated by junta authorities, the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (AAPP) said Wednesday. The Thailand-based group said that Win Shwe died while being tortured and that his body was cremated at the detention facility. AAPP also said that the leader of the opposition 88 Generation Students [Asia …

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by Brett Murphy

Bosnian Serb war crimes suspect Zdravko Tolimir said in a Wednesday letter to the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia that he is in "excellent" health and that the ICTY registrar has exaggerated the severity his condition. The registrar expressed concern last week that Tolimir was suffering from …

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by Brett Murphy

US and Iraqi officials said Wednesday that they have launched an investigation into Iraqi civilian deaths believed to be caused by armed guards working for security and defense company Unity Resources Group. Two women were killed in shootings that occurred on Tuesday in Baghdad. Unity was hired by US-based RTI International to provide security services …

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by Jeannie Shawl

The US Supreme Court on Wednesday affirmed a federal appeals court ruling that the parents of a disabled child are entitled to reimbursement for the costs of private school education under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), even though the child never attended public school. In Board of Education of …

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by Lisl Brunner

An Argentinean court sentenced former military chaplain Christian von Wernich Tuesday to life imprisonment for participating in seven homicides, 34 cases of torture and 42 cases of kidnapping during the Argentina's Dirty War. Von Wernich is the third person to be convicted of crimes against humanity after the Argentinean Supreme …

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by Brett Murphy

Canadian Guantanamo detainee Omar Khadr has filed an appeal with the US Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit, challenging the US Court of Military Commission Review (CMCR) decision to send Khadr's case back to a military tribunal, Khadr's lawyers said Tuesday. Last week, the CMCR refused to reconsider its September ruling …

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by Brett Murphy

The US House of Representatives passed the War Profiteering Prevention Act of 2007 Tuesday, a bill creating new criminal provisions to govern fraud conducted by private defense contractors against the US government. The measure, passed by a vote of 375-3, "amends the federal criminal code to prohibit profiteering and fraud involving a contract or …

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