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The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA) is an amendment to the Title VII provision against sex discrimination in the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Discrimination against pregnant women, women seeking to become pregnant and recent mothers stems from concerns about workplace productivity. In 1932, in the throes of the Great Depression, women seeking employment out of economic necessity were barred by Congress' enactment of the Federal Economy Act (later amended to 31 U.S.C. ยง 1535), but the New Deal, workforce deficiencies in World War II and legislation in the following two decades, gradually gave more access to a wider employment opportunities. Various obstacles persisted, nevertheless--one issue of social policy that reached the US Supreme Court on various occasions concerned the application of the Fourteenth Amendment in issues of sex discrimination. In the 1960s and 1970s, the Court ruled in cases questioning the constitutionality of discriminating against pregnant women, women seeking pregnancy,

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Timeline

12/03/2014: Supreme Court heard arguments on workplace pregnancy discrimination

07/01/2014: Supreme Court granted certiorari to case addressing pregnant worker's rights

04/17/2014: Florida supreme court ruled discrimination against pregnant women violates state law

06/19/2014: EU court ruled pregnant worker entitled to income compensation

07/01/2010: EU court ruled on payment standards for pregnant workers

05/18/2009: Supreme Court ruled against retroactive application of pregnancy discrimination law

 ...[more]

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