The Sudanese Civil War culminated in an agreement to allow the southern part of the country to succeed if the proposition passed a popular referendum. This was a compromise between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement of the south and the National Congress Party of the north to take a step forward from the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended decades of civil strife. The requirements for succession were set at a 51% south Sudanese vote in favor of the motion predicated on at least a 60% voter turnout. Referendum rules were set to deal with the prospect of the oil-rich Abyei region, though dispute over the territory persists today. The vote resulted in a 98.83% yes vote and Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir officially accepted the outcome. On July 9, 2011, South Sudan was officially welcomed into the community of nations. Salva Kir led the Sudan People's Liberation Movement, and he


12/27/2013: South Sudan government agreed to conditional truce.

12/23/2013: US military personnel deployed to assist in South Sudan evacuation.

12/22/2013: UNMISS partially evacuated staff from South Sudan.

04/29/2012: Sudan declared state of emergency on South Sudan border.

10/12/2011: Sudan adopted Islamic constitution.

08/30/2011: Sudan accused of war crimes.

07/09/2011: South Sudan officially recognized as an independent country.

01/22/2011: Sudan voters voted overwhelmingly in favor of succession.


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