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On June 2, 2015, nearly 14 years after enactment and only one day after many of its provisions had expired, the USA PATRIOT Act was limited by the passage of the USA Freedom Act through the US Congress. The USA PATRIOT Act was originally passed in 2001 under the Bush Administration in response to the attacks on September 11, 2001, and was designed to facilitate the US government's fight against terrorism. It most notably gave the government sweeping surveillance power, which has more recently become a topic of controversy. Since its enactment, the bill has consistently been extended with few significant challenges. In the wake of heated debate surrounding privacy concerns and a recent Federal Court decision declaring some of the surveillance conducted under the Act illegal, the Act has been reformed into what is now the USA Freedom Act.

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