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The conflict in Libya arose out of protests beginning February 15, 2011, in the eastern city of Benghazi. The protest came as part of a wider protest movement that had spread throughout the Middle East and North Africa. On February 23, Benghazi fell under the control of protesters after the defection of prominent military officers stationed in the city. In a bid to end the unrest, the government announced constitutional reforms and warned of civil war if the protests continued. Shortly after, 230 protester deaths were reported, prompting the UN to accuse the Libyan government of committing crimes against humanity. The UN Human Rights Council soon followed suit in condemning the actions of Gaddafi's government and later acting to suspend Libya from the body, as Libyan diplomats and government officials began to defect from Gaddafi's government, citing the violence against protesters. Following international intervention and several months of stalemate, opposition

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Timeline

1/15/13: Libyan Justice Minister announced trial of Gaddafi son, intelligence chief

8/11/12: Libya national assembly elected Gaddafi opponent for interim president

10/23/11: Libya PM declared official liberation from Gaddafi regime

10/21/11: UN rights office called for investigation into Gaddafi killing

10/20/11: Muammar Gaddafi killed by opposition fighters

10/13/11: AI report accused Libya interim government of prisoner abuse

10/9/11: UN urged human rights respect as Libya conflict ended

9/28/11: Libya issued arrest warrant for ex-PM Al-Mahmoudi

9/26/11: Libya announced plan to abolish state security courts

9/25/11: Libya leaders began formation of interim government

 ...[more]

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