PLEDGE OF ALLEGIANCE
JURIST legal news archive...




Confederate Army surrendered at Appomattox Court House
April 9, 2013
On April 9, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to US General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. As part of the surrender, the US paroled Lee's army on the condition that they ceased armed rebellion. In May 1865, US President Andrew Jo....... [more]

Federal appeals court upheld Virginia law on Pledge recital
August 10, 2012
On August 10, 2005, the US Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a Virginia law requiring the daily recital of the Pledge of Allegiance in state public schools. Attorneys challenging the law argued that the Pledge's phrase "one nation under God" represented governmental endorsement of religion. In....... [more]

Massachusetts court rejects challenge to 'under God' in pledge
June 11, 2012
A judge for the Middlesex Superior Court in Massachusetts on Friday rejected a challenge raised by public school children and their parents challenging the inclusion of the phrase "under God" in the US Pledge of Allegiance. In her decision, Judge S Jane Haggerty ruled that the inclusion of the phras....... [more]

Ninth Circuit upheld Pledge of Allegiance in public schools
March 11, 2012
On March 11, 2010, the US Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled that a teacher-led recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools does not violate the constitution. Sacramento atheist Michael Newdow had challenged the practice on behalf of several families, arguing that the phrase ....... [more]

California court allowed atheist to sue chaplain for libel
October 24, 2011
On October 24, 2010, the California First District Court of Appeal ruled that prominent atheist Michael Newdow was allowed to proceed with a libel lawsuit against Reverend Austin Miles. Newdow, best-known for bringing numerous lawsuits to remove references to God from US currency, the Pledge of Alle....... [more]

Eleventh Circuit ruled Florida Pledge of Allegiance law constitutional
July 23, 2011
On July 23, 2008, the US Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit upheld part of a Florida law that required students in grades kindergarten through 12 to obtain parental permission before they can be excused from reciting the Pledge of Allegiance. The court held that another provision requiring al....... [more]

South African ruling party leader indicted for corruption
December 28, 2010
On December 28, 2007, the South African National Prosecuting Authority (NPA) indicted Jacob Zuma, the leader of the ruling African National Party (ANC). He was charged with corruption, fraud, money laundering and racketeering. The charges were later dropped after a protracted legal battle. Earlier t....... [more]

Federal appeals court upholds New Hampshire school Pledge of Allegiance law
November 16, 2010
The US Court of Appeals for the First Circuit ruled Friday that a New Hampshire law requiring schools to schedule voluntary recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance is constitutional. The Freedom From Religion Foundation (FFRF), its members Jan and Pat Doe, and their three children, who are students....... [more]

Federal judge rules Texas Pledge of Allegiance constitutional
October 14, 2010
The US Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit ruled Wednesday that the words "one state under God" in the Texas Pledge of Allegiance do not violate the First Amendment of the US Constitution, upholding a 2009 district court opinion. A Texan couple filed the suit against the state, arguing that the....... [more]

US House passed bill barring courts from ruling on Pledge constitutionality
September 23, 2010
On September 23, 2004, the US House of Representatives voted 247-173 to pass the Pledge Protection Act, seeking to strip federal courts of jurisdiction to hear cases challenging the constitutionality of the Pledge of Allegiance. The legislation stated that: "No court created by Act of Congress shall....... [more]

Federal judge ruled Pledge of Allegiance recitation unconstitutional
September 14, 2010
On September 14, 2005, a federal judge in for the US District Court for the Eastern District of California ruled that the recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance in public schools is unconstitutional. The court held that the inclusion of the words "under God" was a violation of the Establishment Clau....... [more]




WEBSITES

    EGUSD v. Newdow [Wikipedia]

    EGUSD v. Newdow [text]

    Establishment Clause [Wikipedia]

    RestorethePledge.com