MILITARY JUSTICE
JURIST legal news archive...

The foundation of [US] military law is the Constitution of the United States. The Constitution provides that Congress has responsibilities to make rules to regulate the military; it also establishes the President as Commander in Chief of the armed forces. Congress exercised its responsibilities over military justice by enacting the Uniform Code of Military Justice - the "UCMJ." The UCMJ is legislation that is contained in Title 10 of the United States Code, Sections 801 through 946. It is the military’s criminal code...[ USMC ]


Sri Lanka to initiate new war crimes investigation
January 29, 2015
The newly elected government in Sri Lanka announced Wednesday that it is planning to investigate accusations of human rights abuses during the closing stages of the 26-year civil war, after former president Mahinda Rajapaksa refused to cooperate with UN investigators about claims of atrocities commi....... [more]

Former LRA commander makes first appearance before ICC
January 26, 2015
Former Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) commander Dominic Ongwen on Monday made his first appearance before the International Criminal Court (ICC). The pre-trial hearing was brief as Ongwen simply had to confirm his identity and that he clearly understood the charges against him. During his hearing, On....... [more]

Rights group criticizes Mexico for failed investigation into the disappearance of 43 students
January 23, 2015
Amnesty International (AI) on Friday criticized the government of Mexico for their "failed" investigation of the army in the "enforced disappearance" of 43 students on September 26, claiming that it was incomplete and insufficient, after DNA collected from a mass grave of burned bodies proved inconc....... [more]

ICC prosecutor urges renewed efforts to arrest Kony
January 21, 2015
The chief prosecutor for the International Criminal Court (ICC) on Wednesday urged renewed efforts to arrest militia leader and accused war criminal Joseph Kony. The statement came after the announcement of the ICC taking legal custody of former Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) commander Dominic Ongwen....... [more]

UN Security Council condemns Boko Haram attacks
January 20, 2015
The UN Security Council on Monday condemned attacks by Islamist extremist group Boko Haram in Nigeria and called for an end to terrorist attacks and release of abducted child soldiers. The hostilities include mass killings, destruction of civilian homes and suicide bombings where children where indu....... [more]

Pakistan president signs new law allowing military courts to prosecute terror suspects
January 7, 2015
Pakistan President Mamnoon Hussain on Wednesday signed into law anti-terrorism legislation that will establish military courts for the hearing of civilian terrorism related cases. The president's signature comes one day after the Pakistan National Assembly passed the 21st Constitutional Amendment Bi....... [more]

HRW denounces conviction of Tunisia blogger
January 7, 2015
Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Tuesday called Tunisia's military justice law repressive after blogger Yassine Ayari was sentenced to three years for "defaming the army" and "insulting military high command" for posting criticisms of government officials on Facebook. HRW criticized the Tunisian governme....... [more]

HRW urges Obama to press Mexico president on human rights
January 5, 2015
Human Rights Watch (HRW) on Monday implored US President Barack Obama to press Mexican President Enrique Pena Nieto on human rights concerns during his upcoming meeting with the leader. The letter detailed egregious human rights accusations such as the disappearance of 43 students and the killing of....... [more]

Pakistani police detain mastermind of Mumbai attacks on abduction charges
December 30, 2014
Pakistani police have detained the alleged mastermind of the 2008 Mumbai attacks on abduction charges a day after a court ordered his release. Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi was detained in Pakistani custody since 2008 for heading the militant group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT), which was held responsible for the....... [more]

Bangladesh man sentenced to death for 1971 war crimes
November 24, 2014
A special tribunal in Bangladesh on Monday sentenced a man to death for his role in killings during Bangladesh's 1971 independence war. Mobarak Hossain was a former commander of a collaborators' group of the Pakistani army. Hossian was convicted of killing 33 civilians in the eastern Bangladeshi di....... [more]

Harvard report concludes Myanmar officials committed war crimes and crimes against humanity
November 7, 2014
An investigation conducted by the International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School determined three Myanmar Army commanders committed war crimes and crimes against humanity in Thandaung Township, Kayin State, between January 2005 and December 2006. The study explains that beginning in 2005, t....... [more]




WEBSITES

    Manual for Courts-Martial [PDF]

    Military Judges Benchbook [PDF]

    Nat'l Inst. of Military Justice

    Military Justice [US State Department]